Gum Disease

Gum disease is an inflammation of the gums and is a condition that will affect most people at some point over the course of their lifetime. If gum disease is left untreated it can develop into periodontal disease and in the long term can lead to tooth loss.

Causes of gum disease

The main cause of gum disease is plaque, the sticky bacteria filled deposits that builds up on teeth. Other risk factors include:

  • Hormonal changes
  • Health conditions such as diabetes and autoimmune disorders
  • Medications that cause dry mouth
  • Smoking
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • A family history of gum disease


Symptoms include but are not limited to:

  • Swollen, red gums
  • Sore gums
  • Gums bleed on brushing
  • Infected gums
  • Receding gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Bad breath
  • Bad taste in the mouth


The main treatment for gum disease is a good oral hygiene routine. It is also advisable that you attend for regular appointments with the hygienist, who will be able to thoroughly clean your teeth and remove any build up of plaque or calculus.